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How to Become an "Expert Knitter"   *Buy this book on CD for offline reading!

table of contents Ľ chapter 11 (of 29)

11: Shaping (cont.)

Decreasing

Decreasing is another kettle of fish. Decreasing eliminates one of two stitches. Most knitters decrease by knitting two stitches together either through the front or back of the stitches. If stitches are knitted together through the front of the loops, the stitch slants from left to right. Knitted through the back of the loops, the stitch slants from right to left [pic 16].


16: The left decrease is a front of loop decrease, the right is a back of loop decrease.

Some decrease by slipping the last stitch on the right needle over the second last stitch on the right needle, or slip the last stitch on the left needle over the next stitch, and then knit on [pic 17].


17: Left decrease slipped through right hand stitch, right decrease slipped over right hand stitch.

A decrease shows as a stitch sloping to either the left or the right over another stitch. The decreases on each side of a seam need to look balanced in pairs, so you need to make the decreases slope in different directions on each side of a seam [pic 18,19].

   
18:
(left) Same direction slopes on either side of a seam donít balance.
19:
(right) Balanced shapings pair on either side of a seam.

Establish a habit of always sloping the stitches one way at the beginning of a row and the other way at the end of a row, then decreases will balance at any seam. If you are only shaping at one edge, keep your slopes to the direction you have established for that edge. It is an easy way to ensure that the shapings will always pair on the finished garment, and it becomes second nature to do it without having to concentrate too much.

When shaping occurs on a purl row, you can control the direction of the slope of the stitch, but it is a bit difficult. Purl two stitches together either through the front or back of the loops at the start of a row. Twist the stitches whilst working the decrease to make sure that a decrease at the end of a row shows the opposite slope to the decrease at the beginning of the row.

All these methods apply to increases and decreases which are part of shaping. Other increases and decreases occur when working pattern stitches and the way that these should be worked will usually be described in the instructions.

Sometimes many stitches are knitted together to make a decrease. If there are a large number of stitches to be knitted together, there can be a problem to push the needle through all the stitches, so the stitches are taken consecutively over the stitch on the right or left needle. Knit a sample square with this kind of decreasing so that you can gauge where a multi-stitch decrease can be placed so that it will balance [pic 20, 21].

   
20: (left) Decrease of four stitches knitted together.
21: (right) Stitches decreased consecutively.

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